Game intelligence, work ethic and competitiveness are being touted as the winning attributes for sporting superstars like Michael Jordan.
With the Australian NBL season preparing to launch this Friday, a new study reveals when it comes to choosing which teams to back, fans are best to look beyond the fitness levels of their favourite players.
Examining the success of US basketball legend Michael Jordan, University of South Australia PhD student Michael Rogers and his team say they can reveal why, two decades after his retirement, Jordan remained head and shoulders above his peers.
Netting $2 billion during his time in the sport, Jordan still holds the record for the highest paid athlete of all time.
Rogers’s study reveals coaches believe ‘game intelligence’, work ethic and competitiveness – traits that Jordan possesses in spades – are far more important than physical fitness in determining success on the basketball court.
Rogers surveyed 90 basketball coaches from 23 countries to find out what factors – other than peak fitness – are used to recruit players for the big league.
His study, published in Sports Medicine, is the first to examine key indicators for recruitment in basketball using a large international panel of elite countries from FIBA-ranked countries.
“We found 35 performance indicators that coaches considered important and at the top of the list were psychological attributes,” Rogers says.
“Coaches look for players who are competitive, have a strong work ethic, are excellent communicators, good teammates and can ‘read’ the game. Being super fit is a given. It is the other traits that make a difference to the scoreboard.
“Game statistics are commonly used to recruit basketball players but by watching players on the court, and how they behave outside of it, coaches can pick up a lot of non-physical factors that indicate whether a player is likely to make the grade.”
Of the 35 performance indicators used by basketball coaches, 14 are psychological and four of these – attitude, coachability, competitiveness and work ethic – are considered more important than anything.
“Basketball players who are optimistic, easily taught and trained, and determined to be more successful and to work harder than others are favoured by coaches,” Rogers says.
Coaches indicated that players who put themselves ahead of their team were not good picks.
Mental toughness is also critical, because the ability to focus on every play, especially when tired, reflects on the scoreboard.
“Resilience, motivation, and good communication on the court are crucial in separating the ‘best from the rest’ once players reach elite level, according to the coaches we surveyed.
“Interestingly, the least important indicators were physical fitness and movement skills.”
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